United Nations Country Team in Bosnia and Herzegovina
The United Nations Country Team (UNCT) in Bosnia and Herzegovina is comprised of thirteen UN Funds, Programmes and Specialized Agencies (FAO, ILO, IOM, UNDP, UNFPA, UNEP, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNICEF, UNODC, UNV, UN Women, WHO), the Bretton Woods Institutions (World Bank, IMF) and ICTY. The work of the UNCT is being coordinated through the Office of the UN Resident Coordinator and framed within the One UN Programme for Bosnia and Herzegovina 2015-2019 representing the strategic programmatic and financial basis for the development partnership between the United Nations and the country.
The One UN Programme 2015-2019 foresees a financial framework of nearly USD 265 million coming from the UN, global funds, donors and governments with focus on the following priority areas:
Rule of Law and Human Security
BiH faces a backlog of over 2 million judicial cases; is an increasingly divided society; flood-related damages amount to 1.67 billion, 1,263 km2 or 2.65% of the overall BiH territory is mine suspected area; there are significant unstable ammunition stockpiles, some over 30 years old. In order to overcome these challenges, the UN is assisting the BiH authorities and society to ensure that every citizen in BiH has equal rights and fair treatment by the judicial institutions, opportunities are created to increase dialogue between citizens and ethnic groups in BiH, adequate capacities are in place to prevent and respond to natural and man-made disasters and to increase the safety of citizens. Dealing with the past and building a vision for the future is a priority area for the UN in BIH.
Sustainable and Equitable Development and Employment
A total of 61% of the BiH population lives in rural areas; 62% of the municipalities are underdeveloped or extremely underdeveloped; unique natural and cultural resources are inadequately managed and funded; unemployment rate reached 27.5% and youth unemployment stands at 62.7%. In partnership with the BiH authorities at all levels, the UN is working on equalizing economic and social opportunities for BiH citizens throughout the country, creating job prospects and utilizing cultural, natural and energy resources in a sustainable manner and for benefits of all citizens.
Poverty is widespread, 15% of BiH population lives on less than BAM 235 per month. The poorest 20% of the population receives only 37% of total social assistance spending. Only about 2% of children from the poorest families and Roma children attend pre-school. 1 in 10 children with special needs never enters school – of those who do, only 1 in 4 complete primary education. Only 23% of Roma children are enrolled at the secondary level. The institutionalization of children, especially of infants under 3 years of age, is on the rise. To address these challenges, the UN is partnering with the BiH authorities to ensure that: all children have equal opportunities for education and enjoy protection from any form of violence and neglect; social protection is reaching the poorest and most vulnerable citizens; children are protected from any form of violence and; the quality of health care is aligned with existing medical guidelines and international standards.
Women account for 19% of seats in the Parliament of BiH, while fewer than 3% of mayors are women. In the age group 16-64, women account for only 33% of the active labour force in BiH – the lowest level of representation in South East Europe. Almost half of all women older than 15 have experienced violence (physical, psychological, sexual or economic) at least once in their lifetime. With the assistance of the UN, the BiH authorities are investing efforts to ensure that women in BiH have equal opportunities in gaining employment and participating in political decisions in BiH and that they are protected from any form of violence.