World Health Organization
The World Health Organization (WHO) was established in 1948 and is the directing and co-ordinating authority for health within the United Nations system. It is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends.
WHO's vision of global health, based on equity and solidarity, calls for building new partnerships with international agencies, donors, ministries, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), academic institutions, private initiatives across diverse sectors such as travel and communications, communities, and citizens.
Today, WHO operates in a complex and rapidly changing landscape, where public health actions have begun extending into other sectors that influence health opportunities and outcomes. WHO has responded to these challenges through a six-point agenda, which targets promoting development; fostering health security; strengthening health systems; harnessing research, information and evidence; enhancing partnerships; and improving performance.
WHO Presence in Bosnia and Herzegovina
The WHO Country Office was established in Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1992. The priorities for the Office are set out in the Biennial Collaborative Agreement (BCA) between WHO/Europe and B&H. The Office implements the Agreement in close collaboration with national institutions and international partner agencies. The BCA for 2016-2017 focuses on the following areas of activity: the analysis of the health situation, further implementation of the vision Health 2020 policy in Bosnia and Herzegovina through program priorities for cooperation, Strengthening of the capacities of health systems and public health: an intervention package for assessing the risk of cardiovascular disease and management of cardiovascular disease (Cardiovascular Risk Assessment and Management - CVRAM).
The Biennial Collaborative Agreement (BCA) directs implementation of activities around three major dimensions of work:
- Health service provision (field technical interventions),
- Health system infrastructure development (financing and resource generation), and
- Health policy and other stewardship elements.
Program priorities for cooperation:Communicable disease,
- Health promotion throughout the entire life course,
- Health systems, and
- Preparedness, monitoring and providing responses.
Policy Health 2020 is based on four priority areas for policy action:
- Investment in health throughout entire life course approach and empowering people,
- Addressing the most important challenges for health in the region: non communicable and communicable diseases,
- Strengthening people centered health systems, public health capacities and preparedness and responses to emergency situations, supervision of emergencies, and
- Creating resilient communities and environments that provide support.