The Status of Roma Children and Families in Bosnia and Herzegovina
According to the latest official estimates, there are between 25,000–50,000 Roma in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH). They are acknowledged to be BiH’s most numerous, most disadvantaged and most vulnerable minority and the current situation of most Roma families in BiH is one of chronic multi-dimensional poverty. The gap between Roma and the majority populations in terms of access to housing, employment, education and health-care is significant and Roma women are particularly disadvantaged. The key indicators for Roma children are that they are three times more likely to be living in poverty than their neighbours, they are five times more likely to be underweight; they are twice as prone to stunting; their primary school attendance rate is one third less than among the majority population; and their immunisation rate is only 4 per cent compared to 68 per cent of the majority population.